Blunt Impact

Blunt impact to the human body can cause a spectrum of injury from mild bruising to bony fractures and internal injuries.

This context is usually treated separately from head and neck injury, but can include serious injuries to the thorax, abdomen and spine. Laboratory testing typically relies on human surrogate body forms which are instrumented to measure force, displacement and/or acceleration, as well as mechanisms to simulate the mass and energy of the body impact. These measurements can then be used to estimate injury risk.